LATIHAN SOAL BAHASA INGGRIS SMA KELAS XI DAN JAWABAN
In all the discussion over the removal of leaded vehicles from petrol (and the atmosphere) there doesn’t seem to have been any mention of the difference between driving in the city and the country.
While I realize my leaded petrol car is polluting the air wherever I drive, I feel that when you travel through the country, where you only see another car every five to ten minutes, the problem is not as severe as when traffic is concentrated on city roads.
Those who want to penalize older, leaded petrol vehicles and their owners don’t seem to appreciate that in the country there is no public transport to fall back upon and one’s own vehicle is the only way to get about.
I feel that country people, who often have to travel huge distances to the nearest town and who already spend a great deal of money on petrol, should be treated differently to the people who live in the city.
(Taken from English Alive p. 162; adapted from Kurikulum 2004, Standar Kompetensi Bahasa Inggris)
1. What kind of vehicles will be forbidden to be used?
a. the vehicles which are bad in appearance
b. the vehicles which cannot be driven
c. the expensive vehicles
d. the vehicles which are older
e. the vehicles which polluted the air
2. How many vehicles travel in country roads?
a. only few vehicles
b. no vehicles
c. some vehicles
d. five vehicles altogether
e. many vehicles
3. How many public transport vehicles are there in the country area?
a. only few vehicles
b. five vehicles altogether
c. some vehicles
d. no vehicles
e. many vehicles
4. What does “their” in paragraph 3 refer to?
a. those who want to penalize
b. the writer and villagers
c. the public transports
d. the cities where the petrol vehicles pass by
e. the older leaded petrol vehicles
5. What is the main idea of the text?
a. The writer describes the situation in the country area.
b. The writer notes that penalizing older leaded petrol vehicles and their owners is a good idea.
c. The writer presents a news item about the petrol vehicles and driving area.
d. The writer argues that the removal rules of the leaded petrol vehicles should consider the driving area.
e. The penalty shall be given to the owners of old vehicles.
We should Change our Payment System
Nowadays, the system of payment gradually changes. Most people use credit card instead of cash to make payment. They think it is more effective, efficient, easier, and simpler. However, there are still arguments about the use of debit cards as a method of payment.
Well, if you use the card, you will say that the card is so practical. You don’t need to count meticulously how much you should pay. When paying using cash people are afraid of making mistakes in counting the bank note for both the payment and the change. With debit cards, the mistake is made smaller.
Moreover, you should know that the debit cards are saver than money. Suppose you bring a lot of money when travelling. If it was lost or stolen. You would be left with nothing in your hands. However, I you brought a debit card, you could just phone the bank which issues the card to block it.
On the other hand, people who disagree on the use of debit card, will say that its use is so limited. When you buy something in a traditional market, or a vendor, for example, can you pay using a credit card? Of course not. Another thing is that, if you want to use the card, you should make a purchase at minimum amount. If you make less than the minimum transaction, you cannot make use of the card.
For those reasons we think that credit cards are not fully effective as means of payment. We should trace the incoming and ongoing money in our accounts. Besides, we have to control our habit of ‘paying first, paying later’ habit. Otherwise, without being realized we are charged a lot. You don’t have to use credit cards if it is not necessary.
6. Why do most people change their payment system from cash to credit card?
a. Because they already had enough with cash
b. Because they do not need cash on their pocket
c. Because they do not have any money anymore
d. Because they feel it is not necessary to bring some cash
e. Because they think credit card is more effective, efficient, easier, and simpler
7. What is the advantage of using cash as payment?
a. Cash can control your habit of payment
b. Cash take too much time during payment process
c. Cash is easy to be stolen
d. Cash is very practical for payment
e. Cash will charge us a lot in payment
8. What does the text belong to?
a. Narrative text
d. Analytical exposition
e. Hortatory exposition
9. What is the disadvantage of using credit card?
a. Your money will be save in the bank
b. It can control your habit of payment
c. The mistake made by credit card is smaller
d. You don’t need to count meticulously how much you should pay
e. You can use it on the traditional market
10. What is the last paragraph called?
Do you have to study for a test? Before cracking open the books, it is important to create the proper environment. I think you should listen to music while studying because of several reasons.
First, it helps you recall your memory. Your brain receives, stores, organizes and recovers information as memories. Sensory memory holds an exact copy of information for a few seconds. Selective attention filters this information to regulate what is transferred to short-term memory and what is discarded. Short-term memory, also called working memory, retains a select amount of the information for a slightly longer period. The hippocampus, a part of the brain involved in the limbic system, transfers information from short-term to long-term memory. This information is organized and stored for easy recovery.
Second, it boots your mood. A series of studies conducted in the 1990s supports that listening to music while studying give you positive effects. The research also suggests that music, especially classical music, can boost your mood, as it reduces blood pressure, heartbeat and stress.
For those reasons, I think you should listen to music while studying. Don’t wait until the night before the big test to determine if music is a good study aid.
11. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?
a. Music is a good study aid.
b. You should listen to music before you study.
c. Should you listen to music while studying?
d. Should I listen to music while studying?
e. I should listen to music while studying.
12. “Selective attention filters this information to regulate what is transferred to short-term memory and what is discarded.” (paragraph 2)
The underlined word means…
a. what is thrown away
b. what is taken from
c. what is filtered
d. what is memorized
e. what is put in the card
13. For those reasons, I think you should listen to music while studying. (paragraph 4) this part of the text is called…
c. Supporting ideas
14. What is working memory?
a. Short-term memory
b. Long-term memory
c. Limbic system
d. Blood pressure
15. The research also suggests that music, especially classical music, can …, except
a. boost your mood
b. reduces blood pressure
c. reduces heartbeat
d. boost your blood pressure
e. reduces stress
Do you know what the meaning of corruption is? What is the relation between money and corruption? Well, corruption is common everywhere in the world, even in the US. It’s just a matter of the intensity. However, it is quite shocking when one reliable survey claims Jakarta as the most corrupt place in Indonesia.
The survey has made me sad, actually, because I stay and earn a living here in the capital. As most people know Tanjung Priok Port smuggling is not a new thing at all. Entrepreneurs who want to minimize their tax payment tend to do such a thing more often. They even bribe the officials.
Well I think the measures taken so far to overcome the problem by punishing the corruptors is still not far enough. We have to prevent the younger generations from getting a bad mentality caused by corruption.
I believe we should start at the earliest stages in school and I think everyone should be involved in the effort to eradicate corruption. We must not make any distinctions.
(adapted from: Jakarta Post, February, 2005)
16. Where is the most corrupt place in Indonesia?
17. What is the purpose of the writer in this text?
a. To invite you to be a corruptor
b. To recommend you to be a good corruptor
c. To persuade you to take effort in eradicating corruption
d. To entertain/amuse you about corruption
e. To tell you an event with humorous twist
18. “I think everyone should be involved in the effort to eradicate corruption” (last paragraph). What is the synonym of “eradicate”?
a. Get rid of
d. Carry on
19. “They even bribe the officials”. What is the antonym of the word “bribe”?
20. What is the first paragraph called?
To improve comfort and cleanliness at our school, a number of dustbins should be increased. When we look at classrooms, school corridors and schoolyards, there are papers, mineral water cups, straws, and napkins here and there. The condition of uncleanliness and discomfort really hinders learning and teaching environment. Litters thrown carelessly cause disease, especially empty plastic cups or glasses. They can be filled out with water coming from the rain. This can be placed for dengue mosquitoes to spread out. Besides, this rubbish can deteriorate the scene. Wellpainted wall and green schoolyard do not mean anything if litters are scattered everywhere.
Any way I notice that most of the students in our school have responsibilities for their school environment.They put their litter on the proper places. However, some are not diligent enough to find the dustbins. The numbers of dutsbins in our schools are not enough. More dustbins should be put beside each of steps, outside of the classrooms, and some more along the corridors. Probably one dustbin should be in every ten meters. Therefore, when the students want to throw away their litters, they can find the dustbin easily.
When school is equipped with sufficient dustbin, we do not have problems of filth and discomfort any more. Our school will be very clean and become a nice place to study.
21. What is the writer’s intention? To … readers to do something good.
22. What is the writer’s argument on a sufficient number of dustbins?
a. They can prevent litters.
b. They can save janitor’s energy.
c. Students are asked to clean them.
d. They make school environment neat.
e. Students can throw garbage everywhere.
23. What is the writer’s suggestion?
a. To buy more dustbins.
b. To hire more gardeners.
c. To use dustbins efficiently.
d. To ask parents to give more dustbins.
e. To ask students to clean the schoolyard.
24. … we do not have problems of filth and discomfort any more (last paragraph).
The underlined word means…
25. The writer thinks that the school will be very clean and become a nice place to study if…
a. the students throw the rubbish in the dustbin.
b. the students put their litter on the proper places.
c. the school is equipped with inadequate dustbin.
d. the school is equipped with sufficient dustbin.
e. the dustbin is placed in every ten meters
26. Ingmar got a good score in the last test, and Gina …
a. was too
b. didn’t either
c. did too
d. did either
e. wasn’t either
27. Anggia doesn’t like action movies, and … Andanti.
a. so was
b. neither was
c. so did
d. neither did
e. neither does
28. Kiwi birds can’t fly, and ostriches …
a. can’t too
b. can’t either
c. can either
d. can too
e. neither can
29. Musa has a mustache, and Raedi …
a. Doesn’t have too
b. Did too
c. Had too
d. Have too
e. Does too
30. Dira didn’t enjoy the movie last night.____
a. Neither did I
b. Neither do I
c. Neither didn’t I
d. Neither doesn’t I
e. Neither am I
31. This Grammar book is very confusing. ____
a. So this math book is
b. So is this math book
c. So this math is book
d. So the book is math
e. The book is so
32. Florida has not yet ratified the amendment, and………
a. several other states hasn’t either
b. neither has some of the other states
c. some other statues also have not either
d. neither have several other states
e. so have several other states
33. Adhiswara has completed the assignment, and……..
a. Afia is too.
b. Afia does too
c. so has Afia
d. so have Afia
e. Afia have too
34. Faris and Fikenia studied Japanese last year, and……..
a. Mizan is too
b. Mizan does too
c. Mizan did either
d. Mizan did too
e. Mizan do too.
35. Pak Burhan : Don’t you know that it burns me up when you come late almost everyday?
Joni : I’m sorry, sir. I didn’t mean to disappoint you.
Pak Burhan : It’s okay for now. But not for next time.
From the dialog above we know that Pak Burhan is …
a. expressing an opinion
c. asking for opinion
d. making sympathy
36. Mr. George had just come back home from a store. When he opened the door, he found that his son had made the house messy.
Mr. George] ]>